En el siglo VIII, la región de Meknès conoció el nacimiento de la primera dinastía de Marruecos, los Idrissidas (786 a 917, fundada por Moulay Idriss I, descendiente del Profeta Sidna Mohammed. [11] Religious tourism is also present due to the old city's many major zawiyas (Islamic shrines), such as the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II and the Zawiya of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, which attract both Moroccan and international (especially West African) pilgrims. [47][35][82], The old city of Fez includes more than a hundred funduqs or foundouks (traditional inns, or urban caravanserais). [97], Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University is a public university founded in 1975 and is the largest in the city by attendance, counting over 86,000 students in 2020. Walking Tours in Meknes-Tafilalet Region; ... Fez to Meknes,Moulay Idriss & Volubilis (Private Day Trip) $223.97 per adult. The area was blessed with water flowing everywhere. [38][39][40][41], The prefecture is divided administratively into the following:[45], Historically, the city was one of Morocco's main centers of trade and craftsmanship. "Fez, Kingdom of Morocco", Quick View. Professionnels du Tourisme de la Région Fes-Meknes. [31][32], Following the implementation of the Treaty of Fes, the city was heavily damaged in the 1912 Intifada of Fes and belonged to French Morocco until 1956.[33]. Today, the city consists of two old medina quarters, Fes el-Bali and Fes el-Jdid, and the much larger modern urban Ville Nouvelle area founded during the French colonial era. The leather goods produced in the tanneries are exported around the world. [35][11] The Fez River takes its sources from the south and west and is split into various small canals which provide the historic city with water. Established in 2015 as one of 12 distinct administrative areas, Fez-Meknes covers an area of over 40,000 sq km and forms a crossroads between several prominent economic centres on the country’s coasts. [citation needed], Fès-Meknes was formed in September 2015 by merging Fès-Boulemane with the prefecture of Meknès and the provinces of El Hajeb and Ifrane (in Meknès-Tafilalet region) and the provinces of Taounate and Taza (in Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate region). The Medina of Fez is considered as one of the most extensive and best conserved historic towns of the Arab-Muslim world."[52]. The last time i stayed in Meknes and enjoyed the relaxed nature of the city compared to Marrakech. [16] Comparatively little is known about Idrisid Fez, owing to the lack of comprehensive historical narratives and that little has survived of the architecture and infrastructure of early Fez (Al-'Aliya). In the meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire came close to Fez after the conquest of Oujda in the 16th century. After the death of Abdallah al-Ghalib a new power struggle would emerge, after Abd al-Malik would take Fez with Ottoman support and oust his nephew Abu Abdullah. [36] A new terminal was added to the airport in 2017 which expanded the airport's capacity to 2.5 million visitors a year. It includes two prefectures (Fez and Meknes) and seven provinces (Sefrou, Boulemane, Moulay Yacoub, Ifrane, El hajeb, Taza and Taounate). However, the city rapidly developed as the military garrison center of the region during the Almoravid era, in which the military operations were commanded and carried out to other North African regions and Southern Europe to the north, and Senegal river to the south. Fez-Meknes (arab. [47][61][62] The Ville Nouvelle (New City) also includes many modern mosques. Fez's climate is strongly similar to that of Seville and Córdoba, Andalusia, Spain. [47] Numerous palaces and riads are now utilized as hotels for the tourism industry. During Yahya ibn Muhammad's rule in Fez the Kairouyine mosque, one of the oldest and largest in Africa, was built and its associated University of Al Quaraouiyine was founded (859). The city is divided between its historic medina (the two walled districts of Fes el-Bali and Fes el-Jdid) and the now much large Ville Nouvelle (New City) along with several outlying modern neighbourhoods. Arab emigration to Fez, including approximately Andalusi families of mixed Arab and Iberian descent[12] in 817–818 expelled after a rebellion against the Umayyads of Córdoba, Andalusia, and Arab families banned from Kairouan (modern Tunisia) after another rebellion in 824, gave the city its Arabic character. [20][21] It is from the Marinid period that Fez's reputation as an important intellectual centre largely dates. Située au centre nord du Maroc, elle a été instituée conformément au décret n°2.15.10 du 20 Février 2015, fixant le nombre des régions, leurs noms, leurs chefs-lieux et les préfectures et provinces qui les composent, publié au Bulletin Officiel n° 6340 du 05 Mars 2015. [35] Other gardens also exist within the grounds of the historic royal palaces of the city, such as the Agdal and Lalla Mina Gardens in the Dar al-Makhzen or the gardens of the Dar al-Beida (originally attached to Dar Batha). [89][86][87] They were generally built next to a well or natural spring which provided water, while the sloping topography of the city allowed for easy drainage. [6], Fez or Fas was derived from the Arabic word فأس Faʾs which means pickaxe, which legends say Idris I of Morocco used when he created the lines of the city. Fez was a prime manufacturing location for embroidery and leather goods such as the Adarga. The streets were paved and, according to the tenth-century geographer, Ibn Hawqal, water was flushed into the suqs every summer night to clean the ground. Popular Meknes-Tafilalet Region Categories. The MAS Fez basketball team competes in the Nationale 1, Morocco's top basketball division. [77][78] Another well-known and important zawiya is the Zawiyia of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, which commemorates Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, the founder of Tijaniyyah tariqa from the 18th century. DISCOVER THE FES-MEKNES REGION VISIT MEKNÈS. It is distinct from Fez's now much larger Ville Nouvelle (new city) originally founded by the French. [1] Its capital is Fez. The final agreement concerns the equipment of hospitals in the Fez-Meknes region with intensive care beds in order to improve their ability to offer services, especially for critical COVID-19 cases during this time of the pandemic. [47][35] Kasbah Dar Debibagh is one of the newest kasbahs, built in 1729 during the Alaouite era at 2 km from the city wall in a strategic position. Fuel was provided by wood but also by recycling the waste by-products of other industries in the city such as wood shavings from carpenters' workshops and olive pits from the nearby olive presses. World; Fez-Meknes: huge losses for the region because of the crisis Like other Territorial Collectivities in Morocco, its members are elected for a six-year term. [27], After the fall of the Marinids, the city remained the capital of Morocco under the Wattasids. Fez recorded snowfall in three straight years in 2005, 2006 and 2007. Snowfall on average occurs once every 3 to 5 years. Fez-Meknes (Arabic: فاس-مكناس‎, romanized: fās maknās; Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ-ⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ, romanized: fas mknas) is among the twelve Regions of Morocco. [47] Such private houses include the Dar al-Alami,[90] the Dar Saada (now a restaurant), Dar 'Adiyil, Dar Belghazi, and others. Meknes Medina is the old town of the imperial city of Meknes, 1 hour far from Fez, the most important city in the region. [92], As a former capital, the city contains several royal palaces as well. North Africa, 1504-1799. El precio es de 100 € (119,70 US$) por vehículo. Fez was the capital of Morocco until 1912. (see weather-table below). After the overthrow of the Marinid dynasty, Fez largely declined and subsequently competed with Marrakesh for political and cultural influence, but remained as the capital under the Wattasids and in modern times up until 1912. [71][72] The Saadis also built a number of strong bastions in the late 16th century to assert their control over Fes, including notably the Borj Nord which is among the largest strictly military structures in the city and now refurbished as a military museum. There are nowdays more and more modern oil mills equipped with the latest technogy which produce oils that are more subtle and more refined than the oils produced in traditional mills which often have more acidity and a stronger taste. [71] Among the most prominent among them is the Kasbah An-Nouar, located at the western or north-western tip of Fes el-Bali, which dates back to the Almohad era but was restored and repurposed under the Alaouites. La capital de la región es Fez. World Heritage Listing for Medina of Fez. Morocco Adventure Safari 14 Days 13 Nights ( Comfort Plus ) Tours in Meknes-Tafilalet Region. 2001. Meknes is a city located, near Fez in Morocco. In this regard, the Alaouite Sultan of Morocco, Moulay Ismail, established a syndicate responsible of verifying, through thorough historical, genealogical and scientific evidence, Moroccan families' sharifian ancestries of Idrissi and Alaouite descent which is still operating to this day under the official name in Arabic of (الرابطة الوطنية للشرفاء الأدارسة وأبناء عمومتهم بالمغرب), their official website is the following: chorafae.com. [35], Since the inception of the city, tanning industry has been continually operating in the same fashion as it did in the early centuries. Aziza Chaouni: Hybrid Urban Sutures: Filling in the Gaps in the Medina of Fez." Bou Inania Madrasa, court, north elevation Fez, Fez-Meknes, Morocco Fez, Fez-Meknes, Morocco Numerous new madrasas and mosques were constructed, many of which survive today, while other structures were restored. These two waves of immigrants would subsequently give their name to the sites 'Adwat Al-Andalus and 'Adwat al-Qarawiyyin. Al Karaouin of Fez: The Oldest University in the World, "UEMF - Tout sur Université Euromed de Fès", "Daoudi autorise une première université privée à Fès", "Université Privée de Fès – 1ère Université Privée à Fès Reconnue par l'Etat", "Tourism in Fez-Meknes grows on the strength of religious and wellness visitors", "العلاقات التي تربط مدينة أريحا بالمدن الأجنبية", "Place Lalla Yeddouna A Neighborhood in the Medina of Fez, Morocco: International open project competition in two phases", École nationale des sciences appliquées de Fès, Mosque of the Kasbah an-Nouar (or Kasbah Filala Mosque), Slat al Fassiyin Synagogue (el-Fassiyine Synagogue), Madrasa Fes el-Jdid (Madrasa Dar al-Makhzen), Madrasa Muhammadiyya (Madrasa Mohammadia), Funduq al-Najjariyyin (Foundouk Nejjarine), Funduq Staouniyyin (Foundouk Staouniyine), Place Bou Jeloud (Place Pacha el-Baghdadi), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fez,_Morocco&oldid=991884104, Populated places established in the 8th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5056 residents live in the center, called, 3317 residents live in the center, called, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 08:40. Madinat Fas and Al-'Aliya were united in 1070 by the Almoravid dynasty: The walls dividing them were destroyed, bridges connecting them were built, and connecting walls were constructed that unified the medinas. [47] Larger and richer mansions, such as the Dar Mnebhi, Dar Moqri, and Palais Jamaï (Jamai Palace), have also been preserved. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. This was accomplished partly by the settling there of Andalusians and the further improvement of the infrastructure. The Fez-Meknes region reported only 83 new cases despite being home to Fez, one of Morocco’s most populous cities. [66], The gates of Fez, scattered along the circuit of walls, were guarded by the military detachments and shut at night. – Cabinet Consulting Expertise International", "Palais Glaoui | Fez, Morocco Attractions". [103] Its main focus is its engineering school,[104] though it also offers diplomas in architecture, business, and law. The city has traditionally retained the influential position as a religious capital in the region, exemplified by the Madrasa (or University) of al-Qarawiyyin which was established in 859 by Fatima al-Fihri originally as a mosque. Fes el-Bali is the site of the famous Qarawiyyin University and the Mausoleum of Moulay Idris II, the most important religious and cultural sites, while Fez el-Jdid is the site of the enormous Royal Palace, still used by the King of Morocco today. Today, the tanning industry in the city is considered one of the main tourist attractions. There are three tanneries in the city, largest among them is Chouara Tannery near the Saffarin Madrasa along the river. Fez reached its zenith in the Marinid era (13th-15th centuries), regaining its status as political capital. Cubre un área de 47 705 km² y tiene una población de 4 236 892 habitantes, según el censo marroquí de 2014. The madrasa is the oldest existing and continually operating degree-awarding educational institution in the world according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records. Successive waves of mainly Arab immigrants from Ifriqiya (Tunisia) and al-Andalus (Spain/Portugal) in the early 9th century gave the nascent city its Arab character. [47], The Jnane Sbile Garden was created as a royal park and garden in the 19th century by Sultan Moulay Hassan I (ruled 1873-1894) between Fes el-Jdid and Fes el-Bali. The Medina is very beautiful, so, walking on the old streets, seeing the buildings, visit the most important places and buying in the shops is an incredible experience. [99] Another public university, the Euromed University of Fez, was created in 2012 and is certified by the Union for the Mediterranean. In 1474 the Marinids were replaced by their relatives of the Wattasid dynasty, who faithfully (but for a large part unsuccessfully) continued Marinid policies. The eldest, Muhammad, received Fez. [63][64] The Marinid dynasty (13th-15th century) devoted great attention to the construction of madrasas following the Maliki orthodoxy, resulting in the unprecedented prosperity of the city's religious institutions. This would lead to the Battle of Alcacer Quibir where Abd al-Malik's army would defeat the invading Portuguese army with the support of his Ottoman allies, ensuring Moroccan independence. Archit 96 no. In the 10th century, the city was contested by the Caliphate of Córdoba and the Fatimid Caliphate of Tunisia, who ruled the city through a host of Zenata clients. [69][70] Later, in modern times, the gates became more ceremonial rather than defensive structures, as reflected by the 1913 construction of the decorative Bab Bou Jeloud gate at the western entrance of Fes el-Bali by the French colonial administration. [23][24] The principal monuments in the medina, the residences and public buildings, date from the Marinid period. Abd al-Malik himself also died during the battle and would be succeeded by Ahmad al-Mansur. Some of these cemeteries include marabouts or domed structures containing the tombs of local Muslim saints (often considered Sufis). This could not keep the Almoravid emir Ibn Tashfin from conquering it in 1070, after more than a decade of battling the Zenata warriors in the area and constant besieging of the city. The medina of Fez is listed as a World Heritage Site and is believed to be one of the world's largest urban pedestrian zones (car-free areas). [106], The city's main train station, operated by ONCF, is located s short distance from the downtown area of the Ville Nouvelle and is connected to the rail lines running east to Oujda and west to Tangier and Casablanca. The Miknasa were driven out of Fez in 980 by the Maghrawa, their fellow Zenata, allies of the Caliphate of Córdoba. Although they are architecturally not very prominent from the exterior, they are recognizable from the rooftops by their pierced domes and vaults which usually covered the main chambers. The construction projects scheduled for completion in 2016 encompass historic preservation of particular buildings, construction of new buildings that fit into the existing urban fabric and regeneration of the riverfront. Although the capital was moved to Marrakesh under the Almoravids, Fez acquired a reputation for Maliki legal scholarship and became an important centre of trade. ⴼⴰⵙ-ⵎⴻⴾⵏⴰⵙ) – region administracyjny w Maroku, w północnej części kraju.W 2014 roku liczył 4,2 mln mieszkańców.Siedzibą administracyjną regionu jest Fez.. Dzieli się na dwie prefektury i siedem prowincji: [a] Fez is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination and many non-Moroccans are now restoring traditional houses (riads and dars) as second homes in the medina. Meknès (en amazigh : ⴰⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ Ameknas ; en arabe : مكناس Mknas) est une ville du nord du Maroc fondée en 711 par la tribu amazighe des Meknassas, qui lui a donné son nom. More info. [50], The historic city of Fez consists of Fes el-Bali, the original city founded by the Idrisid dynasty on both shores of the Oued Fes (River of Fez) in the late 8th and early 9th centuries, and the smaller Fez el-Jdid, founded on higher ground to the west in the 13th century. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. In January 1549 the Saadi sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh took Fez and ousted the last Wattasid sultan Ali Abu Hassun. [47]:296[35]:100 Today it is the oldest garden of Fes. It is surrounded by hills and the old city is centered around the Fez River (Oued Fes) flowing from west to east. His sons fortified the city to a great extent. [98][99][100] It has 12 faculties with sites across the city, with two main campuses known as Dhar El Mehraz and Sais. Under Almohad rule the city grew to become one of the largest in the world between 1170 and 1180, with an estimated 200,000 people living there.[18]. [46] Up until the late 19th century, the city was the only place in the world which fabricated the fez hat. The region of Fez-Meknes currently has 6,260 hectares of agricultural fields equipped with anti-hail netting and 68 anti-hail generators. One type of house known, centered around an internal courtyard, is known as a riad. In 808 Al-'Aliya replaced Walili as the capital of the Idrisids. Ibn Battuta described the city of Fa's, which he passed through on his way to Sijilmasa. "Maghreb - Architecture" in Hattstein, Markus and Delius, Peter (eds.). Located to the northeast of the Atlas Mountains, Fez is situated at a crossroad connecting the important cities of different regions; 206 km (128 mi) from Tangier to the northwest, 246 km (153 mi) from Casablanca, 189 km (117 mi) from Rabat to the west, and 387 km (240 mi) from Marrakesh to the southwest which leads to the Trans-Saharan trade route. 5500. [5] It has the University of Al Quaraouiyine which was founded in 859 and is considered by some to be the oldest continuously functioning institute of higher education in the world. The Palais Jamai, for example, was converted into a luxury hotel in the early 20th century. En el siglo XI, los Almorávides fortificaron la ciudad conquistada por los Almohades y construyeron mezquitas, hammams (baños moros) y alcazabas. [74][75][76] The two other major tanneries are the Sidi Moussa Tannery to the west of the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II and the Ain Azliten Tannery in the neighbourhood of the same name on the northern edge of Fes el-Bali. These Almohad walls exist to this day as the outline of Fes el Bali. Fez or Fes (/fɛz/; Arabic: فاس‎, romanized: fās, Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ, romanized: fas, French: Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fès-Meknès administrative region. [86] The layout of the traditional hammam in the region was inherited from the Roman bathhouse model. The Almoravid fortifications were later destroyed and then rebuilt by the Almohad dynasty in the 12th century, under Caliph Muhammad al-Nasir. Michael Dumper, Bruce E. Stanley, pagina 151. [86][87] Though their architecture can be very functional, some of them, like the Hammam as-Saffarin and the Hammam al-Mokhfiya, have notable decoration. [35] The oldest sections of the walls today thus date back to this time. [11] The city's commerce was concentrated along its major streets, like Tala'a Kebira, and around the central bazaar known as the Kissariat al-Kifah from which many other souqs (markets) branched off. The Mellah at first consisted of Jews from Fez el Bali and soon saw the arrival of Berber Jews from the Atlas range and Jewish immigrants from al-Andalus. [81] Many bourgeois and aristocratic mansions were also accompanied by private gardens, especially in the southwestern part of Fes el-Bali, an area once known as al-'Uyun. Fès Prefecture (Fez Prefecture), Fès-Meknès Region, Morocco : Unsubscribe from Région Fès-Meknès? The order spread quickly among the literary elite of North West Africa, and its ulama, or theologians, had significant religious, intellectual, and political influence in Fes and beyond. Water was diverted from the Oued Fes along channels into homes. 1 (2007): 58-63. [47] These fortifications were restored and maintained by the Marinid dynasty from the 12th to 16th centuries, along with the founding of the royal citadel-city of Fes el-Jdid. This time we will be taking the train from Marrakech to Meknes or Fes. [35][47] After the foundation of Fes Jdid by the Marinids in the 13th century, new walls and three new gates such as Bab Dekkakin, Bab Semmarine, and Bab al-Amer were established along its perimeter. Sahrij Seani is a lake located in the center of Meknes, near a part of the wall, which surrounds almost all the city. 540. In the Fez-Meknes region, the situation of confinement imposed due to the state of health emergency does not only concern the families who have their homes but also the homeless community. It is distinct from Fez's now much larger Ville Nouvelle (new city) originally founded by the French. The majority of Morocco’s confirmed COVID-19 cases are concentrated in the Fez-Meknes region, with 35 cases, followed by Casablanca-Settat (34 cases) and Rabat-Sale-Kenitra (32 cases). The Kasbah Bou Jeloud, which no longer exists as a kasbah today, was once the governor's residence and stood near Bab Bou Jeloud, south of the Kasbah an-Nouar. The region of Fes-Meknes is located 60 kilometers away from Moulay-Yacoub and is a place to see for people interested in the history and the architectural heritage of Morocco. The intention is to not only preserve the quality and characteristics of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, but to encourage the development of the area as a sustainable, mixed-use area for artisanal industries and local residents. ... "FOUND IN MOROCCO", FEZ AND MEKNES, 1930S - Duration: 9:00. The military watchtowers built in its early days during the Idrisid era were relatively small. ‏فاس - مكناس‎ Fās-Miknās; fr. [86][87][88] Notable examples, all dating from around the 14th century, include the Hammam as-Saffarin, the Hammam al-Mokhfiya, and the Hammam Ben Abbad. [82], The University of Al Quaraouiyine is considered by some to be the oldest continually-operating university in the world. The Fatimids took the city in 927 and expelled the Idrissids, after which their Miknasa were installed there. The first madrasa built during the Marinid era was the Saffarin Madrasa in Fes el Bali by Sultan Abu Yusuf in 1271. [59] Other major mosques from the more recent Alaouite period are the Moulay Abdallah Mosque, built in the early to mid-18th century with the tomb of Sultan Moulay Abdallah,[58] and the R'cif Mosque, built in the reign of Moulay Slimane (1793-1822). [35][59][84][85], Fez is also notable for having preserved a great many of its historic hammams (public bathhouses in the Muslim world), thanks in part to their continued usage by locals up to the present day. [79] A number of zawiyas are scattered elsewhere across the city, many containing the tombs of important Sufi saints or scholars, such as the Zawiya of Sidi Abdelkader al-Fassi, the Zawiya of Sidi Ahmed esh-Shawi, and the Zawiya of Sidi Taoudi Ben Souda. Further south is the town of Sefrou, while the city of Meknes, the next largest city in the region, is located further southwest. [35] To the north, near the Bab Guissa Cemetery, there are also the Marinid Tombs built during the 14th century as a necropolis for the Marinid sultans, ruined today but still a well-known landmark of the city. Then manufacturing began in France and Turkey as well. [36][108], The city operates a public transit system with various bus routes.[109].
2020 fez meknès région